Chemistry of Transition Elements

The transition elements are those elements that at any rising oxidation state have a partially filled d or f subshell. Most generally the term "transition elements" refers to transition elements of the d-block. The transition elements include iron, copper and silver, which are essential metals. The most common transition elements are the iron and titanium.

Many industrial reaction catalysts are composed of transition elements. The general properties of transition elements include:

  • They are usually metals with high melting points
  • They have several oxidation states
  • They typically form compounds in color
  • They often have a paramagnetic


  • Characteristics of transition elements
  • Electronic configuration
  • Chemical formula
  • Ligand binding
  • causes of colour compounds of transition elements
  • complex compound formation
  • coordination complexes
  • transition metal Dinitrogen complexes

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